A five-judge bench headed by the chief justice Ranjan Gogoi will start hearing the Ayodhya Ram Temple dispute from day after tomorrow.
The constitutional bench will also comprise judges NV Ramana and DY Chandrachud.
It is not clear yet whether the hearing will done on a day-to-day basis.
The Ayodhya debate centres around the land known today as Ram Janmabhoomi, on which the Babri Mosque was built in 1528.
In the Ramayana, Ayodhya is the birthplace of the god-king Rama, the son of Dasharatha, the ruler of Ayodhya, and his queen Kausalya.
The first recorded instances of religious violence in Ayodhya occurred in the 1850s over a nearby mosque at Hanuman Garhi.
The Babri mosque was attacked by Hindus in the process. Since then, Hindu groups made occasional demands that they should have the possession of the site and that they should be allowed to build a temple on the site, all of which were denied by the British colonial government.
The Babri mosque was brought down by Hindu activists in 1992 under the watch of a Congress government at the center.