Cornering over one-fourth share of the total number of new jobs advertised on portals and newspapers, Delhi-NCR has emerged on top with over 1.39 lakh new jobs created during the calendar year 2013, industry body Assocham said, quoting an in-house study.
The survey analysed the vacancies posted by about 4,500 companies via job portals like timesjobs.com, naukri.com, monster.com, shine.com and others together with advertisements offering job opportunities published in national and regional newspapers across about 56 prominent cities and 32 sectors.
“About 5.50 lakh new jobs were generated across India during January-December, 2013 as compared to over 5.52 lakh new jobs a year ago thereby registering marginal decline of about 0.4 per cent,” according to an analysis titled ‘Job Scenario in 2013: A review” conducted by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM).
Information technology (IT), information technology enabled services (ITeS) and IT hardware sector together accounted for lion’s share of about 43 per cent in the total number of new jobs generated in the sector in 2013.
However, the IT/ITeS and the IT hardware sector has recorded a dip of about one per cent in the new job generation as the sector together created over 2.36 lakh new jobs in calendar year 2012 as against about 2.34 lakh new jobs in last one year, highlighted the ASSOCHAM analysis.
New job generation in majority of the sectors has plummeted as about 20 out of the total 32 sectors tracked by the ASSOCHAM team have registered a fall in new job generation. “Only academics, banking, construction, financial services, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG), human resources (HR), advertising & event management, real estate, retail and telecom are certain sectors that have recorded a surge in new job generation ranging one per cent to seven per cent.”
Apart from IT/ITeS and IT hardware sector, other sectors that have recorded significant share in total new jobs generated in 2013 include – banking, finance services and insurance sector (BFSI-15 per cent), academics (eight per cent), other manufacturing (3.6 per cent), telecom (3.4 per cent), real estate, construction and engineering (7.1 per cent), automobile (3.2 per cent) and others.
Amid top five metros, Delhi-NCR (national capital region) and Bangalore have clocked significant year-on-year (Y-o-Y) growth of over 12 per cent and about four per cent in new job generation while Chennai, Kolkata and Mumbai have registered a fall to the tune of over 21 per cent, two per cent and 22 per cent respectively.
So far as performance of other tier I cities are concerned, while Hyderabad has recorded marginal increase of about one per cent in new job generation, western city of Ahmedabad has seen a decline of about 6.5 per cent in this regard.
In the tier II category, the prominent cities that have registered a surge in hiring activity during the past year included – Chandigarh (19 per cent), (42 per cent), Kanpur (21 per cent), Ranchi (25 per cent), Raipur (25 per cent) and Vizag (1.5 per cent).
While amid those tier II cities that recorded a drop in new job generation in 2013 included – Bhopal (four per cent), Bhubaneswar (nine per cent), Coimbatore (31 per cent), Gandhinagar (seven per cent), Indore (10 per cent), Patna (21 per cent), Pune (5.4 per cent), Surat (nine per cent), Vadodra (19 per cent) and Vijaywada (six per cent).
Most of the tier III centres registered an increase in new job generation during January-December 2013 – Agra (18 per cent), Amritsar (14 per cent), Allahabad (48 per cent), Ajmer (84 per cent), Dehradun (40 per cent), Jalandhar (28 per cent), Jammu (39 per cent), Kota (29.5 per cent), Ludhiana (23 per cent), Meerut (24 per cent), Nagpur (86 per cent), Panaji (69 per cent), Patiala (116 per cent) and Udaipur (58 per cent).